Man is a Social Animal

It is degrading when a man is compared to an animal. But this comparison drives the most important aspect of human behavior which is now a days is often rare to be found. When anyone hears about the statement Man is a Social Animal, the first reaction generally will be why man is compared animal? Am I animal? After some thought process, anyone will be convinced that he is an animal not literally but as a comparison. There is something common between animals and men : Social nature. Are people really that much social in their lives? Or is it only for the intellectual satisfaction and it won’t be applicable in real life? Of course man lives in society, but he is lacking many ingredients that are expected from a social being. The public good is more important than individual’s priority. Is it the case always? May be some rare exceptional people will be  there of that kind, but in general people are not.

In a society, everyone can’t do all the things required for his daily use be it food, house, cloth, medicine etc. He has to depend on so many people in the society to live comfortably. Everyone is required for comfortable life, so people live in society. But the problem is that everyone’s work is different and accordingly the money they earn differs. Automatically, there is income distribution among the people instead of one single income for all people. Man is ambitious and he tries to take advantage of this situation to make more money by going to higher paying jobs and businesses. People with qualification,try to crowd at high paying jobs and businesses and compete compete among themselves. Once the competition there is, the mighty competitor will win. Everyone will perish except some people who are strong with deep pockets. The losers try to win with their tooth and nail, and in final they may resort cheating.

The people with lower qualification will have to work on basic works on  with expertise which  generally will be very low paying jobs. Some times, machinery is replacing the work done by them and so the unemployment is increasing.In the process  of rich becoming rich, inflation is going to increase. Along with inflation and bad work conditions these people are tormented and they don’t have any other alternative except cheating society in what ever way it is possible.

What initially thought of peaceful society for comfortable living, now turns out to be a society with full of cheaters because of lack opportunity and because of competition. So the end result is rich is getting richer and poor is getting poorer. History has seen many political movements to correct this disparity with little initial success and later failure.It seems from the history of the world, communism won’t work . Does capitalism work?

Capitalism is very good at outset by providing good lifestyle and income for people who are working in corporation. Of course everyone can’t be employed in corporation. For time being, it looks so good for at least some people who are working in corporation. Real problem which lies with capitalism is its sustainability. All the natural resources which are non replenished public goods are being exploited in the process. The wealth is not created, it is only divided. When it is divided,  who ever gets the bigger share he is the powerful and he tries to be powerful in future also because of his might. In one sense, all the wealth is shared by these corporations leaving peanuts or sometimes nothing for others. How long will it continue? As long as resources are not fully exploited. After that full collapse of so called advanced modern civilization is for sure.

It seems there is problem with both communism and capitalism. What needs to be done now? The problem is there because people consider that there is no relationship among themselves in the society except as sources of money generation. Will this happen among the family members? Will one sibling allow other to starve while he or she having lavish life? No. It won’t happen that way because there is relationship among the siblings and they listen to their parents. Is there that kind of relation in society? Yes, it is there. All the scriptures say men are the sons of God. If people accept this universal fatherhood and live accordingly, society will be peaceful and harmonious. vasudiva kutumbakam.

The resource exploitation will create problem even if people have universal brotherhood principle. To get over this problem, society should follow the teachings  of god and in the foot steps of His followers. They have never advocated industrialization, instead they have preferred sustainable simple living and high thinking. Universal fatherhood along with simple living and high thinking will make society peaceful and man a social animal. There are many initiatives where this revolutionized idea is implemented in practicality. One of the examples is Govardhan Eco village near Wada, Maharastra, India. This is the great example for any society to emulate.


What did Krishna do for you ?

After a couple of marathon weeks with gruelling preparation for end terms exams and projects presentations, Appu is preparing for his final frontier of his term exams. This exam is chill and exam tests how best a student can globe on the given subject. Appu is getting accustomed to the art of globing the given topic. Incidentally Appu is going to be 1/3rd MBA graduate after this final hurdle. Along with his friends, Appu is preparing his strategy for bidding points for his electives in next term.

As usual friends joke and debate with each other on any random thoughts, one of the friends of Appu has posed a question jokingly about lord Krishna, “What did Krishna do for you?” Appu has given an impromptu answer to that question by asking a question back to him, “You should ask what Krishna didn’t do for you?” His friends haven’t nag Appu after his powerful answer. Appu also hasn’t realized what has come from his mouth out is indeed correct and perfect answer. Sometimes wonderful conclusions and statements come out spontaneously leaving a person to ponder over those statements’ validity and repercussions. This back fired question is one of those types.

What did Krishna do for a normal person from philosophical perspective?

sarva-yoniṣu kaunteya mūrtayaḥ sambhavanti yāh
tāsāḿ brahma mahad yonir ahaḿ bīja-pradaḥ pitā (B.G. 14.4)

It should be understood that all species of life, O son of Kuntī, are made possible by birth in this material nature, and that I am the seed-giving father.

nityo nityanam cetanas cetananam eko bahunam yo vidadhati Kaman (Svetasvatara Upanisad 6.13)

He (Krishna) is the chief eternal among all eternals. He is the chief conscious entity among all conscious entities. The one fulfils the needs of all others.

sarvasya cāhaḿ hṛdi sanniviṣṭo mattaḥ smṛtir jñānam apohanaḿ ca
vedaiś ca sarvair aham eva vedyo vedānta-kṛd veda-vid eva cāham (B.G. 15.5)

I am seated in everyone’s heart, and from Me come remembrance, knowledge and forgetfulness. By all the Vedas, I am to be known. Indeed, I am the compiler of Vedānta, and I am the knower of the Vedas.

We don’t even remember who we are when we get up from bed every day morning. Can we imagine ourselves as Gajinies? It is because of Him we remember our identity.

saha-yajñāḥ prajāḥ sṛṣṭvā purovāca prajāpatiḥ
anena prasaviṣyadhvam eṣa vo ‘stv iṣṭa-kāma-dhuk (B.G. 3.10)

In the beginning of creation, the Lord of all creatures sent forth generations of men and demigods, along with sacrifices for Viṣṇu, and blessed them by saying, “Be thou happy by this yajña [sacrifice] because its performance will bestow upon you everything desirable for living happily and achieving liberation.”

All the required things for leading life peacefully and going back to godhead are given by Him. He has provided us air, water, grains, and medicines. Even for the creations of so called scientists, the useful ingredients are supplied by Him. Our existence simply depends upon His mercy.

What did Krishna do with His incarnations?

Jayadeva Goswami Dasavatara Stotra Description

We can understand what Krishna did for us from the Dasavatara Stotra of a famous poet, Jayadev Goswami. It is only tip of iceberg for the activities what Krishna did for us.

pralaya-payodhi-jale dhṛtavān asi vedaḿ
vihita-vahitra-caritram akhedam
keśava dhṛta-mīna-śarīra jaya jagadīśa hare

O Kesava! O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who have assumed the form of a fish! All glories to You! You easily acted as a boat in the form of a giant fish just to give protection to the Vedas, which had become immersed in the turbulent sea of devastation.

kṣitir iha vipulatare tiṣṭhati tava pṛṣṭhe
keśava dhṛta-kūrma-śarīra jaya jagadīśa hare

O Kesava! O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who have assumed the form of a tortoise! All glories to You! In this incarnation as a divine tortoise the great Mandara Mountain rests upon Your gigantic back as a pivot for churning the ocean of milk. From holding up the huge mountain a large scar like depression is put in Your back, which has become most glorious.

vasati daśana-śikhare dharaṇī tava lagnā
śaśini kalańka-kaleva nimagnā
keśava dhṛta-śūkara-rūpa jaya jagadīśa hare

O Kesava! O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who have assumed the form of a boar! All glories to You! The earth, which had become I,merged in the Garbhodaka Ocean at the bottom of the universe, sits fixed upon the tip of Your tusk like a spot upon the moon.

tava kara-kamala-vare nakham adbhuta-śṛńgaḿ
keśava dhṛta-narahari-rūpa jaya jagadīśa hare

O Kesava! O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who have assumed the form of half-man, half-lionl All glories to You! lust as one can easily crush a wasp between one’s fingernails, so in the same way the body of the wasp like demon Hiranyakasipu has been ripped apart by the wonderful pointed nails on Your beautiful lotus hands.

chalayasi vikramaṇe balim adbhuta-vāmana
keśava dhṛta-vāmana-rūpa jaya jagadīśa hare

O Kesava! O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who have assumed the form of a dwarf-brahmana! All glories to You! O wonderful dwarf, by Your massive steps You deceive King Bali, and by the Ganges water that has emanated from the nails of your lotus feet, You deliver all living beings within this world.

kṣatriya-rudhira-maye jagad-apagata-pāpam
snapayasi payasi śamita-bhava-tāpam
keśava dhṛta-bhṛgupati-rūpa jaya jagadiśa hare

O Kesava! O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who have assumed the form of Bhrgupati [Parasurama]! All glories to You! At Kuruksetra You bathe the earth in the rivers of blood from the bodies of I he demoniac ksatriyas that You have slain. The sins of the world are washed away by You, and because of You people are relieved room the blazing fire of material existence.

vitarasi dikṣu raṇe dik-pati-kamanīyaḿ
daśa-mukha-mauli-balim ramaṇīyam
keśava dhṛta-rāma-śarīra jaya jagadiśa hare

O Kesava!O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who haze assumed the form of Ramacandra! All glories to You! In the battle of Lanka You destroy the ten-headed demon Ravana and distribute his heads as a delightful offering to the presiding deities of the ten directions, headed by Indira. This action was long desired by all of them, who were much harassed by this monster.

vahasi vapuṣi viśade vasanaḿ jaladābhaḿ
keśava dhṛta-haladhara-rūpa jaya jagadiśa hare

O Kesava! O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who have assumed the form of Balarama, the yielder of the prowl All glories to You! On Your brilliant white body You wear garments the color of a fresh blue rain cloud. These garments are colored like the beautiful dark hue of the River Yamuna, who feels great fear due to the striking of Your plowshare.

nindasi yajña-vidher ahaha śruti-jātaḿ
sadaya-hṛdaya darśita-paśu-ghātam
keśava dhṛta-buddha-śarīra jaya jagadīśa hare

O Kesava! O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who have assumed the form of Buddha! All glories to You! O Buddha of compassionate heart, you decry the slaughtering of poor animals performed according to the rules of Vedic sacrifice.

mleccha-nivaha-nidhane kalayasi karavālaḿ
dhūmaketum iva kim api karālam
keśava dhṛta-kalki-śarīra jaya jagadīśa hare

O Kesava! O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who have assumed the form of Kalki! All glories to You! You appear like a comet and carry a terrifying sword for bringing about the annihilation of the wicked barbarian men at the end of the Kali-yuga.

śrī-jayedeva-kaver idam uditam udāraḿ
śṛṇu sukha-daḿ śubha-daḿ bhava-sāram
keśava dhṛta-daśa-vidha-rūpa jaya jagadīśa hare

O Kesava! O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who have assumed these ten different forms of incarnation! All glories to You! O readers, please hear this hymn of the poet Jayadeva, which is most excellent, an awarder of happiness, a bestower of auspiciousness, and it is the best thing in this dark world.

vedān uddharate jaganti vahate bhū-golam udbibhrate
daityaḿ dārayate baliḿ chalayate kṣatra-kṣayaḿ kurvate
paulastyaḿ jayate halaḿ kalayate kāruṇyam ātanvate
mlecchān mūrchayate daśakṛti-kṛte kṛṣṇāya tubhyaḿ namaḥ

O Lord Krsna, I offer my obeisances unto You, who appear in the forms of these ten incarnations. In the form of Matsya You rescue the Vedas, and as Karma You bear the MandaraMountain on Your back. As Varaha You lift the earth with Your tusk, and in the form of Narasimha You tear open the chest of the daitya Hiranyakasipu. In the form of Vamana You trick the daitya king Bali by asking him for only three steps of land, and then You take away the whole universe from him by expanding Your steps. As Parasurama You slay all of the wickedksatriyas, and as Ramacandra You conquer the raksasa king Ravana. In the form of Balarama You carry a plow with which You subdue the wicked and draw toward You the River Yamuna. As Lord Buddha You show compassion toward all the living beings suffering in this world and at the end of the Kali-yuga You appear as Kalki to bewilder the mlecchas [degraded low-class men].

What did Krishna do when He had come personally on this planet earth?

He relieved the pain of earth by annihilating the miscreants who were troubling innocent people as promised by Him.

paritrāṇāya sādhūnāḿ vināśāya ca duṣkṛtām
dharma-saḿsthāpanārthāya sambhavāmi yuge yuge (B.G. 4.8)

To deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to reestablish the principles of religion, I Myself appear, millennium after millennium.

He killed demoniac personalities like Kamsa, Sishupal, Dantavakra and many more. Many people may consider these are mythological, but excavations at Dwaraka proved that Krishna is the historical figure and all the descriptions about Him are real facts. Even though He is supreme personality of godhead, He became the servant of His devotees (followers). He became the chariot driver of His friend Arjuna, the messenger of Pandavas, the order carrier of His cowherd friends, lover of cowherd damsels. He is the best friend, best son, best master, best lover that anyone can think of. In His Vamanavatar, He even became the door keeper of Bali Maharaj. Even the demoniac personalities who were killed by Him like that of Putana and Sishupal are awarded liberation. The warriors who were killed in presence of Krishna at Kurukshetra were awarded liberation.

“What Krishna didn’t do for you?” is the correct question to be asked instead of “what did Krishna do for you?”


How fortunate you are!

Once there was a learned person living in a small village, bought a beautiful elegant horse. Everyone congratulated him saying how fortunate you are! After some time, the horse ran away and everyone told him how unfortunate you are! And then after couple of days, the horse came back along with its companion and people started saying how fortunate you are! After one week, the young son of the villager broke his leg when fell down while riding on horse and people told how unfortunate you are! Many young people who were drafted in to military were killed in war and people started saying to villager how fortunate you are! Villager’s son was not drafted because of physical deficiency.

Butterfly struggling to come out of Cocoon

As in the case of this villager, the fortunes are simply swinging with the time for every one of us. When the results are viewed with limited understanding in a limited time frame, obviously no one can get imports of circumstances. If caterpillar doesn’t come out of egg with struggle, it won’t develop sufficient strength to fly freely for rest of its life. If person deals with life with due patience and diligence, life will be more colourful. There won’t be unfortunate situations like heart breaks, suicides, and attacks for apparent reversal of our expectation.

The holistic way of understanding life and living it accordingly makes man happier than mere rat race for success. This principle should be instilled in everyone’s heart. This principle of looking things around us from third person’s perspective makes us really fortunate.

Time – The fourth dimension

Some times, casual discussion with friends can give deep insight into the perspectives of  life which is lead unknowingly. Ram’s casual discussion with his friend in a restaurant about their failure to grab the business opportunity lead him to go deeper into business perspective with respect to time. The basic conclusion was there will be hurdles that are spread across the time span of  any activity. The progress will be smooth and fast until the path is blocked by a hurdle. If anyone wants to be successful, he ought to overcome the obstacles and go on  in his was. Again one more obstacle may come in the way and it also has to be overcome. The basic failure of business proposal was mainly due to their inability to find an obstacle and its solution it in a given time.

Thomas Alva Edison

Unknowingly everyone even animals in this world are doing the same thing. With experience gathered in time, they want to remove hurdles in their selected journey. In one sense, everyone is racing with time from student who is preparing for his last examination to athlete who is participating in Olympics. Even though people fail many times, they don’t stop the race as with case of Thomas Alva Edison who invented bulb after so many failed experiments.

There are so many intricacies involved in our dealings with time. One is that time won’t stop for anyone as said famous saying ‘ Time and tide waits for none’. Chanakya Pandit says ‘Even a moment of one’s lifetime could not be returned in exchange for millions of dollars’. There many other punch line showing the importance of time – you can buy watch, but you can’t buy time etc.

The working of time is more mesmerizing after realizing importance of time. Basically time is divided into past, present and future. The present is just a moment which converts future into past. Unless one is equipped with good experience in past, it is very difficult for him to act in a successful way in present. If he don’t have the faculty of experience, he will convert prospective great future into failed past.

The next big grave question is that if anyone wastes his life without doing any substantial work either materially or spiritually, what will be his position ? Logically everyone wants have one more try. For a philosophically minded person, it will be even more disturbing if he thinks time itself is going to have its own end. What if person wasted his life and died like cats and dogs ? Does he lose his identity or has to suffer eternally from the judgement day ?

Fortunately, it is not the actual case. Scriptures say time is eternal & cyclical and everyone is given a chance for his reformation as rebirth (reincarnation). Among the main topics discussed in Bhagavadgita viz Īśvarajīvaprakṛtikāla and karma only karma is not eternal. The understanding of details about time make person to take informed decision in his life. There are many intricate details are available to interested reader in scriptures about time cycles of Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, Dvapara Yuga and Kali Yuga, measurement of time, relativity of time across different planetary systems. All the details are not mythology as put forward by so called rationalist as relativity is proved by modern scientists.

Sine & Cosine Waves

When some one is studying technology, unknowingly he will be doing everything with repect to time. The graph of sinusoidal wave, pendulum movement and even frequency analysis etc shows how a techie wants manipulate or observe phenomenon with time. The history which heavily depends on time is only rendition of past experience. The manager in a company is planning everything  to run business efficiently in present or future. Similar to above examples, everyone in this world is trying his best to utilize this time dimension in his activities.

Lord Krishna told in Bhagavad-gita (10.30 & 10.33) ” Among subduers  I am time. I am also in exhaustible time”. No one can conquer time as proved by history. It is wise to use time properly in the present  that is in our hand so that future becomes glorious.

At Every Step there is Danger !

The tragedy of Japan – Earth quake, tsunami and break down of nuclear reactors reminds whole world the darker days of second world war and atomic bombing on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The country where power cut was unheard of in recent times is now in darkness. There is fear of earthquake to stay inside the buildings and fear of radiation to stay outside. Just in a matter of two days everything became topsy-turvy from forward economic planning to safeguarding people from broken Nuclear reactors and its after effects.One of the techno-giant nations is not in a position to safeguard itself from wrath of its created technology. Consistent damages due to catastrophes like Tsunamis, Earth quakes, Oil Spills, Floods, droughts show that ‘After math analyses’ and precautionary methods are not enough. After every bit of attempt to protect ourselves from natural calamities, still we are helpless in the hands of nature.There is some missing link, let us say a flaw, in our our endeavors to safeguard ourselves. Let us analyze our precarious situation.

The man is destroying the balance of the nature because of his greed not giving any thought to his situation in future.He completely forgot that everything is available for his need and but not for his greed. The simple living without artificial dependencies like petrol, coal etc can restore at least some balance in nature. But pig headed consumerism which made everyone to get entagled only in present comforts also made  simple living as an utopia.The idea of simple living and high thinking has to be seriously considered because of obvious repercussions of man’s greed. The first class intelligence to hear and correct ourselves instead of experiencing the trouble. If at all some accident happens in this simple living, it won’t affect the society as compared to nuclear disasters or oil spills etc. It is also our present generations’ responsibility to protect our nature, resources and environment etc for future generations.

One more dimension to the topic is from spiritual angle. In scriptures,  it is mentioned that this place (material world) is a prison-house whose shackle are made from sex life which is very difficult to overcome. The awkward condition for living entity is due to envy and in prison house only punishment is expected for reformation of prisoners.Lord Sri Krishna said in Bhagavadgita (BG 8.15) as follows.

mām upetya punar janma
duḥkhālayam aśāśvatam
nāpnuvanti mahātmānaḥ
saḿsiddhiḿ paramāḿ gatāḥ

After attaining Me, the great souls, who are yogīs in devotion, never return to this temporary world, which is full of miseries, because they have attained the highest perfection.

The creator (God) himself is saying this material world as “duḥkhālayam aśāśvatam” which means this world is full of miseries and temporary. Who else can understand the creation better the creator ? The prisoner shouldn’t get attached to prison house thinking to be his own place. If he get attached or not, he will be kicked out present condition at the time of inevitable death. The calamities are the remainders of reality of our awkward position in this miserable place and our real home in spiritual world where we enjoy eternally with God without any danger.

It is very easy and tempting to forget present sufferings with false hope of enjoyment in this world because of past conditionings. It is better to accept the creator’s (God’s) words and pursue our actual destination instead of searching for mirage of happiness in this material world. If people don’t accept God, at least on moral grounds of accountability for future generations these kind of self destructive technological implementations should be stopped.The mistake is always a mistake unless corrective action is taken next time. Similarly if this mistake is not properly corrected, we will face similar or more severe calamities as the non reformed prisoner get much severe punishment.

Me & Mine !!!

Recently there was an issue of demolition of statues of poets, artists and social      reformers at Tank Bund in Hyderabad , the hot topic in news on Telangana issue. There were many dimensions to this demolition because of its associated sentiments, fears and anguish  that are displayed through overdosed freedom and self respect. There are people who support and there are people who oppose this demolition with their valid reasons. It will be difficult task for any mortal with materialistic attitude to judge who is right and who is wrong. Materialistic attitude is more prominent in the leaders and politicians of our present age.

There are different levels of happiness that person can get. It starts from ‘me’ i.e, my body and then it expands to the things which are related to ‘mine’. Obviously body gives happiness, but if that happiness is achieved at the cost of other’s distress it is not appreciated. Once the person is satisfied with ‘me’, then he starts finding happiness by expansions of ‘mine’ like my family, my relatives,my community, my village, my district, my state, my country,my planet etc. As the system is so arranged that each conception of one’s ‘me & mine’ conflicts with conception of other’s ‘me&mine’. One good example is that if stones are thrown into calm pond at different places, each stone will create ripples in that pond and it is only matter of time when these circular ripples collide each other and create turmoil. Instead if all the stones were thrown at same point, the ripples will be concentric without colliding with others and reach the bank peacefully. Similar to this analogy when human beings keep God as center like that of a single point, they can have chance to achieve the destination  bank of peace or else the ripples of ‘me & mine’ will create turbulence.

The so-called brotherhood of people of different ethnicity, language, country, and religion  for staying peacefully and cooperatively in this world won’t help much unless everyone accepts universal fatherhood of God. For universal brotherhood, there should be universal fatherhood or else there won’t be any point in accepting universal brotherhood. The vedic hymn says “Vasudiva kutumbukam” which means the universe is the family of Vasudeva (God). When every human being follows this principle of universal fatherhood, then there will be peace and sanctity in the society.

Real education and its Pre-requisites

Ramesh, a school kid was very much tensed before his mid term exam about Darwin’s theory of Evolution. He went to Ganesh temple for taking blessings before giving examination. Ram, a typical software engineer who reads a lot of non technical stuff says Ramayan is only allegorical and never had happened. One simple auto driver is confused over a famous south India politician’s remarks on non-existence of lord Rama. Latha, communication skills teaching faculty at famous teaching institute says Darwin’s theory is already known to Indians long before and it is Described in Dasavatara Song by a famous poet Jayadeva Goswami. Like these Student, Techie, Auto driver and Teacher, everyone has his own idea about Spirituality. Why does Ramesh go to temple to take blessing of God to write about nonexistence of God ? Why do Ram, auto driver and Latha put forward different conclusions and  are confused ? Everyone thinks real education about God, Spirituality, is not that much important and can be learnt from Grandmother or from any book from road side bookstores. But,this real education has its own pre requisities.

It is wrong notion that spiritual education is taught by grandmothers and it is recommended for less competent people. Similar to authorities like IITs, NITs etc in modern education, the spiritual education also has its own authorized schools where it is systematically taught. There are four authorized schools as Brahma Sampradaya, Rudra Sampradaya, Kumara Sampradaya and Sri Sampradaya where unlike modern education student’s qualifications, the character and service are integral part of studies. There is verse in Bhagavad Gita (4.34), which clarifies the pre requisites of spiritual education.

tad viddhi praṇipātena
paripraśnena sevayā
upadekṣyanti te jñānaḿ
jñāninas tattva-darśinaḥ

Just try to learn the truth by approaching a spiritual master. Inquire from him submissively and render service unto him. The self-realized souls can impart knowledge unto you because they have seen the truth.

According to BG 4.34, knowledge is imparted by self realized people, but not by dry mental speculators. The genuine effort to find self realized person who is acharya, Service and submissive inquiries are the pre-requisites of real education.